Capital social e fatores que influenciam o bem-estar dos agricultores familiares

Kátia Cristina Rodolpho Quedevez, Danilo Soares Monte-mor

Resumo


A agricultura familiar tem problemas associados ao bem-estar rural. A literatura científica apresenta elementos ligados aos cinco tipos de capital (econômico, humano, social, cultural e ambiental) como influenciadores na solução deste problema. Capital social é um conceito que tem sido explorado para mensurar o bem-estar em áreas rurais, mas há que se considerar os diferentes níveis de maturidade de capital social em que as comunidades se encontram. Esta pesquisa se propôs a identificar, à luz do conceito de capital social, fatores que influenciam a percepção de bem-estar de agricultores familiares em duas regiões agrícolas vizinhas e com diferentes níveis de maturidade de capital social, por meio de uma pesquisa exploratória quantitativa, com amostra de 417 agricultores. Os resultados apresentam evidências de que comunidades de agricultores familiares com nível mais baixo de amadurecimento de capital social consideram como entrave ao bem-estar rural o capital cultural. Comunidades com nível mais alto de amadurecimento de capital social percebem como entrave à sucessão familiar.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26767/coloquio.v16i2.801

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