Simbiose Industrial e a redução dos impactos ambientais dos processos produtivos: estudos realizados entre 2012 e 2017

Eduardo Herzer, Vanusca Dalosto Jahno, Daniela Montanari Migliavacca Osório, Dusan Schreiber

Resumo


Os impactos ambientais oriundos de gestão inadequada dos recursos naturais junto com as mudanças climáticas vêm exigindo modelos de gestão baseados no construto de desenvolvimento sustentável, que possam qualificar os processos produtivos para atender as demandas da sociedade atual e futura. Uma forma de qualificar os sistemas produtivos que tem sido cada vez mais difundida baseia-se no conceito de simbiose, que consiste em aproximar as organizações para melhorar os fluxos de energia e material de forma a reduzir os impactos ambientais. Nesta perspectiva este estudo busca por meio de uma revisão da literatura, identificar e analisar artigos que relatam estudos de casos sobre simbiose industrial no âmbito internacional. Os resultados apontam que a simbiose industrial vem sendo aplicada para gerar benefícios ambientais, sociais e econômicos em diferentes setores produtivos, além de contribuir para modelos de gestão urbana, agricultura familiar e construção civil. Nota-se também que a China é o país que mais desenvolveu estudos sobre o assunto, enquanto no Brasil nenhum estudo com essa abordagem foi encontrado.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26767/coloquio.v17i3.1742

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